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Chirag Agrawal
Logistics and Data Analytics Expert
Asked a question last year

What Is the Role of Logistics?

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Chirag Agrawal
Logistics and Data Analytics Expert

There are several factors in the process of getting a product from the manufacturer to the customer. First, it may go to a warehouse, where it waits for an order to send it. Whether it spends time in the warehouse or not, though, the next step is a truck or plane, which takes it to a retailer or postal carrier so that it can get in the hands of customers. However, transportation can be tricky, especially if the weather disrupts the process. Logistics providers oversee all of this, coordinating transportation services to keep products rolling forward. If a client doesn’t have enough product to fill an entire truck, for instance, a logistics company may arrange to combine that customer’s shipments with another customer’s, strategically routing the truck picking both orders up to avoid delays.

Logistics actually has many roles. The most well known role of logistics is sales logistics that moves products from the producer to the consumer. In addition to sales logistics, logistics can also be split into four other roles depending on the field. These are procurement logistics, production logistics, recovery logistics, and recycling logistics. 
The roles of logistics feature transportation/delivery, storage, packaging, cargo handling, distribution processing, and information processing, and many systems have been put in place to deliver products from the production location or factory to the consumer quickly and on time.