Raw materials inventory is the total cost of all component parts currently in stock that have not yet been used in work-in-process or finished goods production. There are two subcategories of raw materials, which are: Direct materials. These are materials incorporated into the final product.
What is raw material inventory?
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Raw materials are the basic materials that a manufacturing company buys from its suppliers and that is used by the former to convert them into the final products by applying a set of manufacturing processes. For example, aluminum scrap is the raw material for a company that produces aluminum ingots. Flour is the raw material for a company that produces bread or pizza. Similarly, metal parts and ingots are the raw materials bought by a company that manufactures cars and crude oil is the raw material for an oil refinery.
It is very common and easy to observe that the final products of one company are bought as raw materials for some other company. For instance, many oil drilling companies produce crude oil as their final product. On the other hand, the same crude oil is bought by oil refining companies as raw materials in order to produce their final products i.e. gasoline, kerosene, paraffin, etc.