Return Logistics (Reverse Logistics):
In order to increase the sales as well as the market share, many companies advertise that their goods will perform well over a period of time. The customer is, therefore, led to believe that in case he buys the product of that company, he is assured of satisfactory performance of the product. But at the same time, it is very much obvious that the company cannot assure the satisfactory performance of each and every of its product which is sold in the market. Few of the products sold may not perform as advertised over the specific period of time.
Such products need to be brought back by the company to confirm good customer service. Multination Companies (MNCs) to protect their market image and to stall its competitors from grabbing its customers, recall immediately the defective or substandard product from the market.
Product recall is a critical competency resulting from
increasingly rigid quality standards
product expiration dating
responsibility for hazardous consequences
The company has, therefore, to take into account the defective goods that would be returned while framing the total logistical system network and calculating the total cost of such a system of network. Incorporating the goods returned in the total logistical systems network and cost is called as Return Logistics. Return Logistics requirement’ also result from the increasing number of laws prohibiting random scrapping and disposal on one hand, while encouraging recycling of waste such as beverage containers, packaging materials, etc. The most significant aspect of return logistical operation is the need for maximum control when a potential health liability exists. E.g.: a contaminated drug in the market is extremely dangerous and the company has to recall all the stock of contaminated drug.
Military logistics is the art and science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of military forces. In its most comprehensive sense, it is those aspects or military operations that deal with:
Design, development, acquisition, storage, distribution, maintenance, evacuation, and disposition of material,
evacuation, and hospitalization of personnel,
acquisition or construction, maintenance, operation, and disposition of facilities.
Origins of military logistics
The word “logistics” is derived from the Greek adjective logistikos meaning “skilled in
calculating.” The first administrative use of the word was in Roman and Byzantine times when there was a military administrative official with the title Logista.
Third Party Logistics (3PL)
3PL, Third Party Logistics describes businesses that provide one or many of a variety of logistics related services. Types of services would include public warehousing, contract warehousing, transportation management, distribution management, freight consolidation. A 3PL provider may take over all receiving, storage, value added, shipping, and transportation responsibilities for a client and conduct them in the 3PL’s warehouse using the 3PLs equipment and employees or may manage one or all of these functions in the clients facility using the clients equipment, or anything combination of the above. 3PL can be defined as the “Business of proposing physical distribution6 reforms to a client and undertaking comprehensive physical distribution services.”